The Buteyko Base Remedial Breathing Therapy started in 2004 and is a combination of a number of fields of research over the last 100 years which complement each other in such a way that we can now offer a complete breathing therapy that can help any return to health via a) corrected breathing volumes, b) using the correct locations in the head, thorax and diaphragm for breathing, c) working toward the best rhythms of breath and pulse for each individual and d) intermittently or temporarily performing prescribed breathing exercises in order to make the return to health faster. Interestingly there can be found a single common thread throughout all these fields of research, and that is the need for enhanced concentrations of retained Co2. Since 2000, nitric oxide has also become part of the therapy.
An outline of the work of each of these fields of research is here presented chronologically:
• CO2 Prof. B F Verigo (Russia 1860 - 1925). At the end of the 19th century Prof Verigo discovered that "as a result of a fall of CO2 in the blood the bond between oxygen and haemoglobin becomes stronger." (Ref. Dr Buteyko's book)
• CO2 Christian Bohr (Denmark 1855 - 1911) first stated in 1904 that "Haemoglobin's oxygen binding affinity is inversely related both to acidity and to the concentration of carbon dioxide."
• Diaphragm Breathing Valborg Werbeck-Svärdström (Sweden 1879 - 1972). 'Uncovering the voice' First published in German in 1938. Chapter 8. 'The art of breathing'. "The unified, healthy and proper movement of the breathing process begins in the region of the solar plexus, which has a very close functional connection with the musculature of the diaphragm. Hence it is only these muscles which concern us, as well as the abdominal muscles, which as bearers of movement are intimately connected with the diaphragmatic muscles."
• Rhythms Chrono-biology, Founder, Prof G Hildebrandt (1992-2005). Regarding respiratory rhythms,Prof Hildebrandt reported in 1967 that the peak incidences in a relatively large group of people was a breath rate of ~18pm within a range of ~7 to ~ 30pm (with a greater number being slower) and a pulse rate of ~72 within a range of ~50 to ~100pm (with similar numbers of people falling either side). The peak numbers of 18 and 72 reveal a quotient of 4:1.
• CO2 Dr Konstantin Buteyko (Ukraine 1923 - 2003). Dr Buteyko's Breathing Method is predominantly concerned with the illnesses associated with carbon dioxide depletion in the body as a result of unrecognised chronic over-breathing together with the body's defence mechanisms against such depletion. Of immense value also is his breath-holding technique for use as a guide to alveolar CO2 concentrations and a self-help tool for correcting the same.
• Nitric Oxide 2000. The Swedish Karolinska Institute's discovery in 2000 that a lot of NO is normally formed in the sinuses (respiratory) of humans and later (in 2009) published that "Previous work has already described the biological significance of nasal breathing, which improved peripheral oxygenation by 5-15% in healthy volunteers compared with oral breathing".
• Nitric Oxide 2015. New view of the respiratory cycle.
Professor of Medicine J Stamler MD Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine.
Basis established for nitric oxide... "The bottom line is that we have discovered
the molecular basis of blood flow control in the respiratory cycle loop," Stamler said.
"It's in the haemoglobin protein itself, which has the ability to deliver the nitric oxide
together with oxygen. The simplified textbook view of two gases carried by haemoglobin is
missing an essential element - nitric oxide - because blood flow to tissues is actually more
important in most circumstances than how much oxygen is carried by haemoglobin. So the
respiratory cycle is actually a three-gas system.'